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State Board of Elections - RG 407 | Illinois State Archives

Name: State Board of Elections - RG 407
Variant Name: State Electoral Board; State Officers Electoral Board

Historical Note: The State Officers Electoral Board, created by the General Assembly in 1943, consisted of the Secretary of State, Auditor of Public Accounts, and the Attorney General who were given the power to hear and pass upon objections to the nomination of candidates for state offices (L. 1943, vol. 2, p. 1). The board could administer oaths and subpoena and examine witnesses and records. In 1951 the board assumed the canvassing duties formerly exercised by the State Canvassing Board, expanded its membership to include the Governor and the State Treasurer, and shortened its name to the State Electoral Board (L. 1951, p. 468). Prior to each primary the board met to examine all filed petitions and certify to the county clerk of each county the names of all candidates for President of the United States, state central committee, delegates and alternates to nominating and constitutional conventions, and for all other offices as specified in the petitions on file with the Secretary of State. The board also certified the order in which the offices and candidates' names were to appear on the primary ballot. The board also conducted hearings on allegations from citizens pertaining to filed petitions and petition withdrawals by candidates. The State Electoral Board further was expanded in 1967 to include the respective chairmen of the state central committees of the two leading political parties (L. 1967, p. 344). In 1973 the State Electoral Board was superseded by the State Board of Elections (P.A. 78-918, p. 2908). Originally it was composed of four members, two from each major party and appointed by the Governor (P.A. 78-918, p. 2909). In 1978 membership was expanded to eight with four being residents of Cook County and four residents of the state outside Cook County. Of the four members from each area, two each were to be from the major parties, recommended by legislative leaders from each party, and appointed by the Governor (P.A. 80-1178, pp. 3506-3509).

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