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U.S. Veterans' Administration - RG 955 | Illinois State Archives

Name: U.S. Veterans' Administration - RG 955
Sources: The current Veterans' Administration manages benefits to veterans and their dependents. The U.S. Congress first provided benefits to veterans of the Revolutionary War in 1789 when it passed legislation extending invalid pensions earlier authorized by the Continental Congress (U.S. Stat. at Large, vol. I, p. 95). The War Department assumed pension responsibilities in 1792. By 1833 that department included a congressionally mandated Commissioner of Pensions. The Department of the Interior assumed this function in 1849. From there the Bureau of Pensions was established. Congress in 1921 created the Veterans' Bureau. This bureau absorbed the Bureau of War Risk Insurance which had been formed in the Treasury Department in 1914, the Rehabilitation Division of the Federal Board for Vocational Education which had been set up in 1918, and Public Health Service programs for World War One veterans. An executive order issued in 1930 created the Veterans' Administration. It assumed the functions of the Veterans' Bureau, the Bureau of Pensions, the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, which had been authorized in 1866, and the Surgeon General in providing veterans prostheses and other medical appliances (National Archives and Records Service, Guide to the National Archives of the United States, [Washington, D.C., 1974], 571-572). The original records described in this record group are housed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

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