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Environmental Protection Agency - RG 414 | Illinois State Archives

Name: Environmental Protection Agency - RG 414

Historical Note: The Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970. It was established as an independent agency under the executive branch and its director was appointed by the Governor. Within the agency was created an independent Pollution Control Board, composed of five technically qualified members appointed by the Governor. They were to meet regularly and determine, define, and implement the environmental control standards applicable to the state. The board could adopt regulations to enforce standards, issue permits, conduct investigations and hearings, and impose penalties. The agency itself was charged with collecting and disseminating information relating to environmental protection, providing continuing surveillance, investigating violations, making recommendations to the board, and representing the state in matters relating to environmental protection. It was designated as the state's water pollution, air pollution, and solid waste agency in relation to federal legislation. Also within the agency was the independent Illinois Institute of Environmental Quality, whose director was appointed by the Governor. It conducted practical research to provide expert guidance to the agency and to the board in the formulation of regulations, development of enforcement strategies, and preparation of long-range program goals (P.A. 76-2429, pp. 873-896).

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